New Delhi, India (Urban Transportation Information): Technological know-how advancement/enhancement for modernization of Indian Railways is a continual process. According to Ashwini Vaishnaw, Union Minister of Railways, Communications and Electronic & Information Technological innovation, the Ministry has taken different steps for Rail Modernisation and Technology Progress across the Indian Railways.
Modernisation in Track & P-Way
The maintenance of Tracks on Indian Railways has been revolutionized by the introduction of mechanized keep track of upkeep utilizing technologically highly developed machines like Higher Output Tamping & Stabilizing Machines (HOTS-3X), and so forth. The devices have enabled Indian Railways to raise the output of observe servicing manifold as when compared to guide track routine maintenance.
The inspection of tracks has also been modernized by utilizing technologically sophisticated Observe Recording Car or truck which is more quickly and extra trustworthy. It has further function of video recording of keep track of factors.
The life of rails has been improved with the introduction of Rail Grinding Devices. The freshly procured 10 nos. higher output rail grinders and 10 nos. speciality grinders are beneath introduction for fast and entire rail grinding.
Fashionable keep track of structure consisting of pre-pressured Concrete Sleeper (PSC) Usual/Extensive foundation sleepers with elastic fastening, 60 kg, 90 or bigger Greatest Tensile Power (UTS) rails, fan shaped layout turnout on PSC sleepers, Metal Channel Sleepers on girder bridges is used although carrying out key observe renewals.
Lengthy rail panels of 260 M/130M size are being created at the steel plant to decrease quantity of Alumino Thermit Joints in the keep track of. Provision of Thick World wide web Switches (TWS), Weldable Forged Manganese Steel (CMS) crossings, Utilizing of improved fittings, and Ultrasonic testing of rails to detect flaws, etcetera.
New Development in Railway Bridge
Bridge Administration Method (BMS), a world-wide-web based mostly IT application has been developed to aid 24×7 availability of facts this sort of as bridge drawings/design and style facts, inspection particulars, images, video clips, and so forth. for meaningful evaluation, assessment of progressive deterioration and capacity to carry enhanced hundreds.
New and Modern day Technologies released to upgrade inspection techniques of Bridges this kind of as constant drinking water stage measurement and checking procedure inspection of bridges utilizing Drones, 3D scanning of riverbeds.
Railway has mounted Ongoing Water Degree Monitoring Process at 305 number of Bridges. This process offers SMS notify to railway official on every day(evening/early morning).
New Growth in Rolling Inventory
Superior and improved systems like On-line Monitoring of Rolling Stock Procedure (OMRS) and Wheel Influence Load Detector (WILD) have been adopted for predictive upkeep of rolling stock. Presently, 25 OMRS programs and 20 WILD techniques have been set up and are operational more than IR’s network.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags are being equipped on rolling inventory to instantly observe and trace the rolling asset moving more than Indian Railways community.
In addition, other technological devices like Worldwide Positioning System (GPS) in wagons, Sizzling Box Detector (BBD) and Machine Vision Inspection Method (MVIS) are also under progress for implementation about Indian Railways.
New Technological innovation in EMU/MEMU
Conversion of Finish-on-Era (EOG) trains into Head-on-Generation (HOG) trains to cut down sound and air pollution at stations and in trains. It is also envisioned to drastically reduce the diesel used in power automobiles.
Introduction of IGBT based mostly three phase technologies in EMUs/MEMUs, Kolkata Metro and Vande Bharat Trains. Vande Bharat Convey has modern characteristics this kind of as automatic doorways with retractable footsteps, on board wi-fi and infotainment, GPS based Passenger Facts Method, roller blinds and subtle LED lights.
EMU/MEMUs, Kolkata Metro and Vande Bharat Trains rakes are manufactured with stainless steel car system. This will boost the codal lifestyle of coaches.
With a watch to raise passenger carrying capability in EMUs, air conditioned EMUs with underslung electrics have been introduced.
Installation of GPS primarily based Passenger Announcement cum Passenger Info Program (PAPIS) in EMU & Kolkata Metro. This Passenger Data Technique informs the passengers pertaining to the following approaching station as a result of audio announcement on speakers as properly as by means of online video display on LED screens concurrently. More, recently created EMU/DEMU rakes are presently equipped with these types of technologies/program.
Air conditioned EMU products and services have been introduced on Western Railway and Central Railway. CCTV Cameras, Emergency Speak Button have been put in in EMU Trains.
With a perspective to even more fortify the safety procedure, in addition to CCTV Cameras and Emergency Talk Back again System, Flasher lights have also been presented in girls coaches and EMU rakes in some Zonal Railways. When the alarm chain of the coach will be pulled, these lights will begin blinking and buzzer will start out sounding till resetting of alarm chain.
LED lights have been furnished for greater illumination in the coaches.
Cushioned seats with stainless metal body in 1st Course and polycarbonate seats with stainless metal frames in Next Class in newly manufactured EMU coaches.
Upgraded scale of selection of mobile charging details in Common, Sleeper and Air Conditioned coaches.
New Growth in Locomotives
Indian Railways has switched above to manufacture only new era, large horse energy, energy efficient IGBT based 3 section electric locomotive from 2016-17.
WAP-7 & WAP-5 electric powered coaching locos are capable of hauling trains at 140 kmph & 160 kmph respectively. These locos are getting utilized to haul prolonged length significant velocity trains above IR.
Indian Railways has launched superior horse electrical power 12000 HP freight locomotive with state of the artwork technology given that 2020.
New Development in Signalling Procedure
Electronic Interlocking (EI) are being adopted on a substantial scale to derive benefits of electronic technologies in prepare operation and to boost protection. So much 2,811 stations have been supplied with Digital Interlocking upto 31st Oct 2022.
In get to increase line ability to operate extra trains on existing Superior Density Routes of Indian Railways, Automatic Block Signalling is becoming supplied.
Automatic Prepare Safety (ATP) System identified as Kavach, indigenously produced by Indian Railways, has been adopted as the Nationwide train defense procedure on Indian Railways. So far, Kavach has been deployed for 1,455 Rkms on South Central Railway with 77 nos. of locomotives.
Railway Stations Redevelopment
Ministry of Railways has undertaken plan of ‘Major Upgradation’ of Railway Station around Indian Railways. The designed stations will have elements of point out-of-the-art systems these kinds of as smart developing, green setting up, effective electrical power/drinking water conservation, exceptional squander management etc. among others.
In get to build a very long-term framework for investigation collaboration, Indian Railways is making endeavours to leverage the skills offered in various academic institutions, nationwide & intercontinental organizations, which include private sector. A startup innovation coverage has also been introduced by Ministry of Railways to build value-helpful, implementable, scalable methods, functional prototypes and impressive solutions for addressing Quality, Reliability and Maintainability connected concerns of IR and enhancing the similar by means of specified utilization of the created products and solutions and ground breaking methods by IR. This policy will leverage impressive technologies, made by business owners and Startups, for enhancing operational efficiency and safety on IR. This will also enable Railways to get domain expertise and sharing info on most recent investigate and improvement actions in Railway area.
Also, Revised New Wagon Design and style Policy has been recently issued to expedite introduction of new wagon patterns from private sector incorporating latest technological improvements on lndian Railways to cater to the rising will need of extra successful & price helpful transportation of present commodities and expansion of the commodity basket.